Container Gardening in 4 Easy Steps

I love the idea of having a vegetable garden. I like to imagine picking fresh tomatoes for my salads, getting exercise from working in the yard, and then sitting back to enjoy the greenery. Unfortunately, my small apartment doesn’t allow me to have the garden of my dreams. Luckily I do have a patio, and that’s all the space I need to start my own container vegetable garden.

A container garden can be a great alternative to its large, traditional cousin because it takes up little space and can be grown on a windowsill, doorstep, or patio. It can add a pop of color to outdoor spaces while being less time consuming to maintain. Not to mention a container garden can produce fruits and veggies for you all season long. Even if it’s only composed of a few pots, a container garden can still produce a lot of food for cheap; for every $1 invested starting a garden, you can get back around $25 in produce.

If you’re like me and don’t have the space or materials for a large garden, here are a few simple steps to follow when creating your container garden.

  1. Pick your planters. Garden stores have many options for planters- from pots, to window boxes, to rail planters. Think about where you want to locate your container garden, and choose which planter will work best. It is important to select containers that drain well in order to let extra water out and keep from overwatering your plants. Always check the underside of your pots to make sure there are drainage holes. If you don’t want to buy new planters, you can recycle old buckets after punching some drainage holes in the bottom. Once you’ve gathered your planters, fill them up with moist potting soil.
  2. Select your plants. Plants that don’t sprawl and produce continuous fruit are best for container gardens, but all plants require differing amounts of light for optimal growth. Some container plants, like tomatoes, peppers, and squash, grow best in full sun. Others, like lettuce, cabbage, greens, and herbs, will grow in partial sun. Consider where you want to place your container garden, and then choose plants that are suited to that environment. You can start your garden from seed, or you can use starter plants from the store. SNAP benefits are even eligible for purchasing seeds and edible plants to help get a garden started.
  3. Start planting. Follow the directions on the seed or starter package to determine the depth and spacing of your plants. Fill up your containers, and then give them a gentle watering. Check back regularly on your garden to water and weed as needed. Gardening is a great way to get children excited about the foods they eat, so let your kids get their hands a little dirty in the planting and maintenance of your garden.
  4. Get cooking. Allow your fruits and veggies to grow and ripen before harvesting them. Then research recipe ideas and experiment with new ways to eat your favorite veggies. Consider hosting a sampling party with your family or friends to share your garden’s bounty.

Lauren Wright works with both the HYPE Project and Let’s Go! SC. She is currently pursuing a Master of Science in Human Nutrition at Winthrop University. Previously, she earned her BA in Political Science at the University of Florida and served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Rwanda.


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